Every life insurer is required to maintain a Required Solvency Margin as per Section 64VA of the Insurance Act 1938. As prescribed by the IRDAI, Required Solvency Margin is the amount by which an insurance company's capital exceeds its projected liabilities; effectively a measure of its financial health.
The IRDAI (Assets, Liabilities and Solvency Margin of Insurers) Regulations, 2000 describes in detail the method of computation of the Required Solvency Margin.
In case of Life Insurers, the Required Solvency Margin is the higher of an amount of Rs.50 crore (Rs. 100 crore in case of Re-insurers) or a sum which is based on a formula given in the Act / Regulation. IRDAI has set a working Solvency Margin Ratio (Ratio of Actual Solvency Margin to the Required Solvency Margin) of 1.5 for all insurers. During 2007-08, IRDAI has introduced the quarterly reporting of Solvency Status for all the Insurers. Accordingly, all the insurers are now required to file their Solvency Status as on June 30, September 30, December 31 and March 31.